To reduce some of the fatigue and stress of biking it's good to have an effective bike peddle stroke, it takes practice and focus but it will become second nature before you know it. Momentum is key, so keep a constant speed peddle stroke. You want to use the weight of your leg to push the pedal down, but you have to lift the other leg up at the same time because you don't want to be pushing against the weight of your other leg, that would waste energy. When done right it feels like your feet are floating on the pedals. You also want the ideal number of pedal strokes per minute, called 'cadence', which is around 60 to 90 strokes per minute, or RPM's (Revolutions Per Minute). In other words, you should aim to turn each pedal at least once per second. Try to keep your Cadence constant across all conditions. For example, if you start going uphill, you need to change down to a lower gear so that you can still spin the pedals comfortably and maintain your cadence. You will learn that this pedaling speed is very efficient because it's using the momentum of the pedaling speed to your advantage. If you pedal slow you can actually work harder, unless you're going down hill. It takes a lot less effort if you pedal faster at a constant rate, this is true whether you're riding on the flat or up a hill. Another bike pedal technique is to Push Forward with one foot pedal and Pull Back with the other foot Pedal simultaneously. If your shoes are clipped to the pedal it makes it easier but you can still do this technique even without attaching your foot to the pedal but it's not as efficient and sometimes your foot slips off the pedal. So concentrate more on just pushing the pedal forward then pulling back. As more power is needed I just push down more on the down stroke and or pull up more on the up stroke, that's if I'm clipped to the pedal.
Cycling Power Meter (wiki)
Limits Cycling Power Meter
Formula For Speed (info-Graph)
Bike Pedal Techniques Tutorial Video (youtube)
The Science Behind the Bike (youtube)
Seated vs Standing Pedaling Posture (video)
Standing up when Pedaling a Bike
Garmin Bike Speed Sensor and Cadence Sensor
Gen T® Wireless 32 Functions Large LCD Display Bicycle Computer Bike Odometer
ESTEM: A smart all-in-one biking stem
Need a Bicycle Computer that Automatically shifts my electric gears, based on the speed I prefer, the angle of the road whether going up hill or downhill, and the preferred cadence or peddle speed. This way I have total control of how hard I want to work, and how quickly I want to arrive at my destination at a desired time. Also have the computer avoid cross chaining to decrease wear on the chains rings and chain.
Additional wear on the chainrings as well as on the chain and cassette gears
The Problems With Cross-Chaining (youtube)
SpeedForce -The World's Smartest Cycling Computer
Multi-sport headphones with real-time voice coaching from Olympic athletes biometric data heart rate, speed, distance, cadence, 8 gig storage.
"To make pedaling easier make sure your bike is well maintained, chain oiled, tires properly inflated, and your rear wheel hub bearings are in good shape"
Do Shaved Legs make you Faster on a Bicycle? 15 watts more power at race pace.
Use the correct saddle or bike seat. Pro-cyclists use a hard narrow seat because of their style of riding, which is leaned forward so the contact on the seat is minimal. A leisure bike rider has more contact with the seat, thus puts more pressure on their bottom, which could cause discomfort and sometimes damage the Perineum.
Selecting the Right Bicycle Saddle
Saddle Height Video
I also like to use the Front Shifter more then the back shifter now. I leave the back shifter, or the Rear Derailleur Gear in the middle and use the front shifter as 1st, 2nd and 3rd gear. I only use the back shifter upper and lower gears when my front shifter is in 1st or 3rd gear for going up steep hills or for peddling down hill or for peddling fast on nice flat road with little wind resistance. You want to avoid cross chaining, which is caused by a bad gear selection that puts your chain on an extreme angle, which is bad for your the chain and gears. I have a 30 speed Road Bike, with Front Chain Rings (30t, 39t, 49t) and Rear 10 speed that has a 25t-12t cassette. A 30 speed bike does not really have 30 speeds because several of those possible combinations of front and back cogs will probably result in the same number of back wheel revolutions per pedal. My bike is fine for all around riding, but not for racing. If you have to use the granny gear during a race you might as well walk fast because you'll be going about the same speed, so removing that front low gear will force you to keep a faster pace or speed.
Road Crank-Arms now range from 165 to 180mm long. Femur length and foot size, both of which are primary lever arms in a pedal stroke. If you do end up changing crank-arm lengths, it will change your gearing as well. How hard or easy an individual gear feels depends on three things: the combination of chain-ring and cog size that actually produces it, the wheel size it rolls on, and the crank length that turns it. Adjusting saddle height to account for the longer or shorter cranks may be all you need to do. A lot of triathletes who go to shorter cranks do it in part because it opens up the hip angle at the top of the pedal stroke as the seat rises. Gain Ratios
Pulling back on handle-bars to increase peddle power stroke in Low Gears.
Biomechanics of the Pedal Stroke
Correct Road Bike Tire Pressure (youtube)
Questions you may want to ask when Buying or Upgrading your Bicycle
Should I get Electronic Shifters or Mechanical Shifters?
Electronic Vs. Mechanical Groupsets | Dubai Tour 2015 (youtube) Shifter (wiki) Electric Shifters
Shimano Di2 Electronic Gears for Road Bikes Explained (youtube)
What kind of Handle Bars should I get? What Kind of grips?
Handle it! Dropbars, Bullhorns, Risers, What's the Difference? (youtube) Bicycle Handlebar (wiki)
Adjusting Handlebars - HHRacingGroup (youtube) The Win Tunnel: Are Aero Bars Worth It?
Should my Rear Shock be a Locking Rear Shock?
Pedal-bob: The loss of acceleration due to the compression of the suspension.
Compression Rate: The speed at which the suspension goes from uncompressed to fully compressed. Linear Compression Rate: The compression rate remains constant through compression. Pink Bike Bicycle Suspension (wiki)
What kind of Bicycle Tires should I get?
Road Bike Tyres Buying Guide Bicycle Tires (wiki)
How to Choose Mountain Bike Tires - Simple 6 Step Guide (youtube)
Tires Clincher Road Bike Tires - Tubular Road Bike Tires - Aero & Triathlon Bike Tires
Cross Country Mountain Bike Tires - Gravity/Downhill Mountain Bike Tires
Fat Bike Tires - Cyclocross Tires - Trail Bike Tires - Commuter & Hybrid Bike Tires
Cruiser Bike Tires. BuyersGuides tires, tubes and wheels
Tire Size Chart
Simple Guide on essentials of wheels
The cold in the air changes the pressure of the air. So every time you pump them when it is warmer
outside, once the temperature drops the pressure of the air itself in the tires decreases. Most tires are inflated with air, although some dealers are now using nitrogen because the nitrogen molecules are larger than oxygen molecules. The tire doesn't 'lose' air, the air just becomes denser, because the air molecules are cooler. So the denser air means it doesn't take as much space in the tires therefore the pressure is lower.
I Keep Breaking Spokes
32 spokes make a good durable wheel, but if you're large and ride off-road, then 36 spokes is better. And you might want to consider double butted spokes. The spokes are thinner in the middle section which allows them to stretch a bit when the wheel is hit. This helps to prevent the elbow near the spokes head from flexing (which leads to fatigue and spoke breakage), and also takes the stress away from the rim wall near the nipples. Heavy riders should look up the manufacturers maximum spoke tension spec for the rim and dial that in with a good tensiometer.
The Best Bike Rims Gokiso Custom Bicycle Wheels
What Type of Bicycle should I get?
Road Bike, Mountain Bike, Hybrid Bike, Touring, and so on?
List of Bicycle Types (wiki)
How to Choose a Bike (youtube) Bicycle Basics (youtube) More Bike Styles
Which bike should you choose? Hybrid vs Road (youtube) The Best Bike For You?
Will a Walmart Huffy survive a Downhill Mountain Bike Trail? | Skills with Phil (youtube)
The World’s Most Affordable Carbon Fiber Bicycles
Touring Bicycle Which touring bike should I buy 100 best touring bicycles
Smart Bikes Ridehelios Vanhawks Super Pedestrian SmartHalo
Fitting your Bike
Adjusting and Fitting your Bike
How to Determine the Correct Frame Size for a Bike (youtube)
How To: Find Proper Bicycle Saddle Height and Setback (youtube)
Hybrid & Comfort BikeShopper
Bike Fitting Services
How to get your road bike position right A good bike fit can increase speed and comfort
Bikes for Bicycle Couriers
Single Speed Bikes LokiCycles Fixed Gear Big Shot Bikes Specialized Sirrus Comp Carbon
Trek Steel District Cannondale Bad Boy Disc Jamis Coda Messenger Bags (amazon)
Single-Speed Bicycle (wiki) Electric Bikes
Murder of Couriers (2012 Documentary about the lives of bike messengers) 12/12/2012 | 1:17
Bicycle, the film 86 minute documentary
Custom Bike Photos
I ride my bike, I roller skate, don't drive no car, don't go too fast, but I go pretty far..Melanie Safka
It's not just riding a bike, It's being healthy, it's saving resources, it's saving the environment, and it's saving lives. Cars with combustion engines are outdate, obsolete and an insult to our intelligence. You can't even begin to justify using all those resources, time and people just to build these over priced inefficient machines that need constant maintenance, and on top of that when you use them you pollute the earth. You're basically saying to the world "F*ck you I'm an idiot and I don't care", well maybe not that bad because most people just don't know any better and some people are just too afraid to face the truth. Yes there are a small number of people who are actually making a difference using these ignorant modes of transportation, but that's less then 10 percent, so there's a lot of room for improvement. Gas Prices
5-Foot Safe Passing Law
A "safe distance" means not less than three (3) feet when the driver of a vehicle overtakes and passes a person riding a bicycle . Bike Writers Collective
“Share the Road, or “Bicycles May Use Full Lane” urban velo
Urban Bicycling Basics: Rules of the Road (youtube)
Between 2010 and 2012, U.S. bicyclist deaths increased by 16%.
California: 338 cyclists killed in collisions with motor vehicles. Florida: 329
Bicyclist deaths account for about 2% of deaths involving motor vehicles nationwide.
In 2012, 4,743 pedestrians and 726 bicyclists were killed in crashes with motor vehicles.
LA Bike Hit and Runs National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
How To Ride A Bike In The City People for Bikes
Bicycle Trauma Injuries and Hospital Admissions in the United States, 1998-2013
Bike Commuting Safety Tips
The Good News
Bike Lanes Make New York City Streets Safer
More bicyclists on the street make it safer to ride a bike. Every time the number of bicyclists is tripled, the driver-bicyclist crash rate is cut in half. Bicycle Safe Factsheet Safety Stats
22 Million Citi Bikes Analyzing the NYC Bike Share System
Bikeshare Systems: Recent research on their growth, users’ demographics and their health and societal impacts. More than 850 bike shares established worldwide.
National Bike to School Day - May 6, 2015 Kids and Bike Safety
National Bike to Work Day/Week - May 11-15, 2015
Scheduled Group Commuter Bike Rides for Safety in Numbers (LA Bike Trains)
LA Bicycle Tribes Ovarian Psycos
Junction design the Dutch - cycle friendly - way (youtube)
Ingenious New Type Of Intersection That Could Save Lives
About 94 percent of Americans know how to ride a bike, but.....
Smarter Every Day Challenge: Learn the Backwards Brain Bike (youtube)
Special Wooden Bikes
World's Fastest Bicycle to Go 90 MPH (youtube)
World’s Fastest Human-Powered Vehicle Hits 89 MPH (youtube)
The Fastest Bike in the World (youtube)